BIBLE AND SPADE - BY STEPHEN L CAIGER D B - first published at the University Press, Oxford 1936. This Edition prepared for katapi by Paul Ingram 2003.

APPENDIX III: Chronological Tables.

HOME | the date of the Exodus | the Lachish discoveries |OT.Chronology: Table1: Oppression - Judges | Table 2: the Early Monarchy | Table 3: the Assyrian period | Table 4: Babylonian & Persian periods.

Table 1: From the Oppression to the Judges.

DATE CE EGYPTIAN HISTORY & RECORDS. (Breasted's Dates) THE EARLY DATE & BIBLICAL SYSTEM THE 'LATE DATE' VIEW
-1580 Expulsion of Hyksos Beginning of Affliction Beginning of Affliction
-1580 Dynasty XVIII. AHMOSIS  The King who knew not Joseph   
-1557 AMENHOTEP I     
-1539 THOTHMES I. Pharoah's daughter, Hatshepsut  Adoption of Moses Moses much later
  THOTHMES III     
-1501 (Thothmes II)  Pharaoh of Oppression'   
-1479 Karnak Inscription. Canaan named.     
-1448 AMENHOTEP II The Plagues of Egypt  
-1447   The Exodus  
-1420 THOTHMES IV The Wilderness Wanderings   
-1411 AMENHOTEP III  Moses on Sinai  
  Revolt in Canaan    
-1407   Joshua takes Jericho  Israel still in Egypt
-1380 Tell el Amarna Tablets begin. Sagaz & Hittites invade Canaan on north; Habiru ditto on south-east  Habiru = Hebrews Habiru not = Hebrew, but = Sagaz 
-1377   Death of Joshua. Elders take charge.   
-1375 AKHNATON (Biblical Dates are henceforth given as worked out by Garstang) Biblical dates in Joshua-Judges entirely disregarded 
-1360 Tell el Amarna Tablets end  First Judge: Othniel secures, during Egyptian revival, 40 year's rest   
-1358 SAKERE     
  Beginning of Egyptian revival     
       
-1356 TUTANKHAMEN    
-1353 EYE    
-1350 Dynasty XIX. HARMHEB    
  HARMHAB    
-1319 Harmhab loses grip End of 40 years' Rest. Eglons Oppression.  
       
-1315 RAMESES l    
-1314 SETI I    
  Asher and Aperiu in Canaan Asher = a settled Joshua Tribe Asher = a Tribe who had never gone to Egypt
    Aperiu = Hebrews Aperiu not = Hebrews
-1301   Judge Ehud  
-1292 RAMESES II. Beginning of 80 years revival in Egypt. Defeat of Asher Ben-Anath Period of 80 years of Rest. Shamgar Ben-Anath The 'Pharaoh of the Oppression'. Ben-Anath not = Shamgar
  Aperiu now in Egypt Aperiu = Hebrew prisoners in Egypt? Aperiu = Hebrews of the Oppression
-1225 MERENPTAH    
-1224     The Exodus
-1223 Defeat of Asher and of Israel in Canaan (Israel Stele) Sisera's Oppression Merenptah the 'Pharaoh of the Exodus'
    Israel = Joshua's Hebrews now settled in Canaan Israel= a tribe who had never left Canaan; ditto Asher
-1209 Anarchy in Egypt    
-1201   Deborah and Barak Joshua invades Canaan during anarchy
-1200 Dynasty XX. SET-NEKHT 40 years' Rest after Deborah Conquest of Canaan
-1198 RAMESES III Approach of the Philistines  
-1167 RAMESES IV. Aperiu still in Egypt Aperiu = Hebrew prisoners of wars? Period of the Judges
-1161 RAMESES V Midianite oppression Hebrews settle in Canaan after withdrawal of Egypt
-1157 RAMESES VI    
-1150 RAMESES VII Judge Gideon  
-1144     Toffteen's date for the Conquest
  RAMESES VIII    
  RAMESES IX    
  RAMESES X    
  RAMESES XI    
-1118 RAMESES XII    
-1114   Abimelech  
-1111   Jephthah  
-1104   Beginning of Philistine Supremacy over Canaan Agreement henceforth with 'Early Date' view
-1100 SMENDES    
-1095 Dynasty XXI. HERIHOR    
-1085 PASEBKHANET I SAMSON  
-1067 PAYNOZEM I    
-1065   ELI  
-1045   SAMUEL  
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Table 2: The Early Monarchy.

DATE CE JUDAH INSCRIPTION ALIBI
-1025 SAUL    
-1010 DAVID    
-987     Pasebkhanet II
-970 SOLOMON    
-944     Shishak
top Oesterley and Robinson's "History of Israel" is the authority for all the following dates.   
DATE CE JUDAH ISRAEL INSCRIPTION ALIBI
-936 REHOBOAM JEROBOAM I    
-931     Shishak's Inscription  
-924       Osorkon I
-919 ABIJAM      
-916 ASA      
-914   NADAB    
-912   BAASHA    
-900       Benhadad II
-888   ELAH    
-886   ZIMRl    
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Table 3: The Assyrian Period.

DATE CE JUDAH ISRAEL INSCRIPTION ALIBI
-886   OMRI   Osorkon II
-884     Land of Omri' on the Inscription of Ashurnasipal II  
-875 JEHOSHAPHAT      
-874   AHAB Ashurnasirpal invades the West. Li.479  
         
-866        
-860     Shalmanezer III Benhadad II. Mesha of Moab
-853     Battle of Karkar v Ahab &c. Li.611  
-852   AHAZIAH    
-850 JEHORAM JORAM    
-848     Assault on Damascus. L.i.568  
-847       Moabite Stone
-842 AHAZIAH   Hazael seizes throne. L.i.681 Hazael
841 ATHALIAH JEHU Black Obelisk. L.i.590. Tribute from Jehu. Bab.Chron.Li.672  
-835 JOASH      
-821   JEHOAHAZ    
-814       Benhadad III
-805     Adadnirari III. Adad. Besieges Damascus. Li.740  
-804   JEHOASH    
-795 AMAZIAH      
-788   JEROBOAM II    
-786 AZARIAH (Uzziah)      
-781     Shalmanezer IV  
-773     Attacks Damascus (Limmu List)  
-771     Ashurdan III  
-766       Piankhi I
-765     Attacks Hadrach. A pesilence (Limmu List)  
-763     Eclipse of Amos  
-757 (JOTHAM)      
-747   ZECHARIAH. SHALLUM. MENAHEM   Rezin
-745     Tiglath-pileser III (Pul)  
-744 JOTHAM      
-741 AHAZ      
-738     Tribute of Menahem to Pul. Li.772. (Pul defeats Azariah of Yaudi. Li.770)  
-737   PEKAHIAH     
-735   PEKAH    
-734     Fall of Damascus.L.I.776, 777. Naphthali invaded. Li.815  
-733   HOSHEA Pekah & Hoshea. L.i.816.   
-730     Tribute of (Jeho-)Ahaz to Pul. Li.801  
-727     Shalmanezer V  
-725 HEZEKIAH      
-724     I Shalmanezer attacks Samaria  
-722   Fall of Samaria Sargon II. Fall of Samaria. L.ii.4  So of Egypt
-720     Battle of Raphia. L.ii.55. Battle of Karkar. L.ii.55   
-711     Fall of Ashdod. L.ii.195. Cylinder of Sargon. L.ii.30   
-710     Fall of Merodach-baladan. L.ii.66   
-705     Death of Sargon. Sennacherib   Piankhi II. Shabataka 
-702       Siloam Inscription
-701     Taylor Cylinder. L.ii.239, 240   
-696 MANASSEH      
-689       Tirhakah
-680     Sennacherib slain. L.ii.501-505, 795. Esarhaddon. Childhood of Ashurbanipal. Lii.986  
-679     Syrian campaign. L.ii.512. Babaylon rebuilt. Lii.645     
-678     Manasseh tributary. L.ii.690  
-671     Fall of Sidon. L.ii.527. Memphis taken. L.ii.580   
-668     Ashurbanipal  
-664       Dynasty XXVI. Psammetichus I
-661     Tirhakah's revolt. L.ii.900. And death. L.ii.906   
-641 AMON      
-639 JOSIAH      
-627     Death of Ashurbanipal. Lii.984. Ashuretililani  
-616     Sinsharishkun  Nabopolassar of Babylon
-612     Fall of Nineveh. L.ii.1177  
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Table 4: The Babylonian and Persian Periods.

  JUDAH INSCRIPTION ALIBI
DATE CE BABYLONIAN PERIOD    
-612   Nabopolassar  
-609     Pharaoh-Necho
-608 JEHOIAKIM    
-605     Battle of Carchemish
-604   Nebuchadrezzar  
-597 JEHOIACHIN. ZEDEKIAH    
-593     Psammetichus II
-589     Hophra
-586   Fall of Jerusalem. The Exile. (Gedaliah governor in Mizpah) Nebuchadrezzar's Conquests
-570     Amasis
-562   Evil-Merodach  
-560   Neriglissor  
-556   Labashi-Merodach  
-556   Nabonidus (Belshazzar)  
-538   Cyrus takes Babylon  
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DATE CE PERSIAN PERIOD    
-538   Cyrus  
-536 The Restoration Cylinder of Cyrus  
-529   Cambyses  
-522   Darius I  
-516 Temple rebuilt    
-485   Xerxes I  
-464   Artaxerxes I (Longimanus)  
-445 Nehemiah    
-424   Xerxes II. Darius II (Nothus)  
-419     Passover Letter
-407     Letter to Bagoas
-404   Artaxerxes II  
-398 Ezra's Reforms    
-380 [Esther wife of Artaxerxes II ??]    
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