A History of Israel: Volume II. By W O E Oesterley MA DD(Camb). First published: Oxford University Press 1932. - This Edition prepared for Katapi in Arial Unicode MS by Paul Ingram 2003.

Additional Note N

TABLES OF DATES

HOME | Neo-Babylonian | Persian | Seleucid | Ptolemaic | Hasmonaean | Rome (Syria) | Rome (Judaea)  

from- bce-to THE NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE
625 604 Nabopolassar  
604 562 Nebuchadrezzar II [Nebuchadrezzar I was king of the ancient Babylonian empire during the second half of the twelfth century BC.]
562/1 560 Amel-Marduk  
560 556 Nergal-Sharezer (Neriglissar)  
556  554 Labashi-Marduk  
554 553 Nabunaid (Nabonidus)  
from- bce-to THE PERSIAN EMPIRE
538 529 Cyrus [Cyrus was king of Anshan from 550/49.]
529 522 Cambyses  
522 486 Darius I (Hystaspis)  
485 465 Xerxes I  
464 424 Artaxerxes I (Longimanus)  
424/3 424/3 Xerxes II . (he reigned only a few months)  
423 404 Darius II (Nothus)  
404 359 Artaxerxes II (Mnemon)  
359 338 Artaxerxes III (Ochus)  
338 331 Darius III (Godomannus)  
from- bce-to THE SELEUCID EMPIRE
311 281/0 Seleucus I (Nicator)  
280 262/1 Antiochus I (Soter)  
261/0 247/6 Antiochus II (Theos)  
246/5 226/5 Seleucus II (Kallinikos)  
225/4 223 Seleucus III (Keraunos)  
223 187 Antiochus III (The Great)  
187 175 Seleucus IV (Philopator)  
175 163 Antiochus IV (Epiphanes)  
163 262 Antiochus V (Eupator)  
162 150 Demetrius I (Soter)  
150 145 Alexander Balas  
145 139/8 Demetrius II (Nicator)  
145 142/1 Antiochus VI (Epiphanes) [Tryphon usurped the throne 142/1-138 BC; see ch.xvii above.]
139/8 129 Antiochus VII (Euergetes, but nick-named Sidetes)  
129 126/5 Demetrius II (Nicator) [He was in the hands of the Parthians during 139/8?129 BC.]
125 96 Antiochus VIII (Grypos) [During 125?121 BC his wife, Cleopatra Thea, reigned jointly with him.]
115 95 Antiochus IX (Kyzikenos)  
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For the next twenty years there was the struggle for the remnants of the empire by claimants who can hardly be regarded as kings,
namely Seleucus VI (Epiphanes Nicator),
[There was a Seleucus V, son of Demetrius II,
but he had hardly assumed the diadem (126/5 BC) when he was assassinated.]

Antiochus X (Eusebes Philopator), Antiochus XI (Epiphanes Philadelphos), Philip I, Demetrius III (Theos Philopator Soter, nicknamed Eukairos), Antiochus (Dionysos Epiphanes Philopator Kallinikos).
Of these Seleucus VI, Antiochus XI, and Philip I were the sons of Antiochus VIII.

From 73-64 BCAntiochus I (Asiaticus) reigned in Antioch;
in the latter year Pompey put an end to the Seleucid Empire, or what remained of it.
Finally, in 56 BC a last nominal king arose, Philip II, but disappeared almost immediately.
[For details see Bevan, The House of Seleucus, ii.247-68.]
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THE PTOLEMAIC EMPIRE

from- bce-to Ptolemies notes
305 283/2

Ptolemy I (Soter I)

[He was Satrap of Egypt from 323 to 305 BC.]

285 246

Ptolemy II (Philadelphus)

[He was associated with his father in the kingdom for two years before the latter died.]

246 221

Ptolemy III (Euergetes I)

 
221 203

Ptolemy IV (Philopator)

 
203 181/0

Ptolemy V (Epiphanes)

 
181/0 145

Ptolemy VI (Philometor)

 
145 116

Ptolemy VII (Euergetes II, Physcon)

 
116 108/7

Ptolemy VIII (Soter II, Lathyrus)

[He was driven out of Egypt by his mother, Cleopatra, in the year 108/7 BC, but returned in 88 BC.]

88 80

 Ptolemy VIII (Soter II, Lathyrus)

 
108/7 88

Ptolemy IX (Alexander I)

 
80  

Ptolemy X (Alexander II)

 
80 51

Ptolemy XI (Auletes)

 
51 48

Ptolemy and Cleopatra VII

 
47 44

Ptolemy I and Cleopatra VII

 
44 30

Ptolemy XIV (Caesar) and Cleopatra VII

[In this year Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire.]

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THE HASMONAEAN RULERS

from- bce-to Hasmonaean rulers notes
166/5 160

Judas Maccabaeus

 
160/59 142/1

Jonathan (High-priest)

 
142/1 135/4

Simon (High-priest)

 
134/3 104/3

John Hyrcanus I (High-priest and king)

 
103/2  

Aristobulus I (High-priest and king)

 
102/1 76/5

Alexander Jannaeus (High-priest and king)

 
75/4 67/6

Alexandra

 
75/4 66/5

Hyrcanus II (High-priest)

 
63 40

 Hyrcanus II (High-priest)

 
66/5 63

Aristobulus II (High-priest and king)

[Aristobulus usurped both the High priesthood and the kingship until deposed by Pompey.]

40 37

Antigonus (High-priest and king)

 
37 ce-4

Herod the Great

[The High priesthood was now separated from the kingship.]

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After Herod's death his kingdom was divided among his sons.


THE ROMAN PROCONSULS AND LEGATES OF SYRIA

from to Roman Proconsuls, Legates of Syria [Schurer, op. cit. i.304-37.]
62 bce

M. Aemilius Scaurus

 
61 60

Marcius Philippus

 
59 58

Lentulus Marcellinus

 
57 55

A. Gabinius

 
54 53

M. Licinius Crassus

 
53 51

C. Cassius Longinus

 
50 49

Vejento

 
49 48

Q, Metellus Scipio

 
47 46

Sextus Caesar

 
46  

Caecilius Bassus

 
45  

C. Antistius Vetus

 
44  

L. Statius Murcus

 
44 42

G. Cassius Longinus

[He held the office twice.]

41 40

Decidius Saxa

Administrators under the Pro-consulship of Mark Anthony

39 38

P. Ventidius

do

38 37

G. Socius

do

35  

L. Munacius Plancus

do [During 36 BC Mark Antony was present in the East himself.]

33 31

L. Calpurnius Bibulus

(?)[See Schurer, op. cit., p.315.]

30  

Q. Didius

 
29  

M. Messala Corvinus

 
28  (?)

M. Tullius Cicero

[Ibid., i. 317.]

? 23

Varro

 
23 13

M. Agrippa

 
c. 10  

M. Titius

 
9 6

C. Sentius Saturninus

 
6 4

P. Quintilius Varus

 
3 2 (?)

P. Sulpicius Quirinius

[Ibid., 322.]

1 ce 4 (?)

C. Caesar

[Ibid., 325.]

ce 4 5

L. Volusius Saturninus

 
6 (?)

P. Sulpicius Quirinius

[Ibid., 327.]

12 17

Q. Caecilius Creticus Silanus

 
17 19

Cn. Calpurnius Piso

 
19 21

Cn. Sextius Saturninus

 
? 32

L. Aelius Lamia4

[Ibid., 329 ff.]

32 35

L. Pomponius Flaccus5

[Ibid., 332 f.]

35 39

L. Vitellius

 
39 42

P. Petronius

 
42 44

C. Vibius Marsus

 
45 50

C. Cassius Longinus

 
50 60

C. Ummidius Quadratus

 
60 63

Cn. Domitius Corbulo

 
63 66

C. Cestius Callus

 
67 69

C. Licinius Mucianus

 
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THE PROCURATORS OF JUDAEA AFTER THE FALL OF JERUSALEM

from- ce-to Procurators of Judaea (The dates are mostly approximate) notes [Ibid., 642-61.]
70 73

Sex. Vettulenus Cerialis

Circa

   

Lucilius Bassus

Circa

80  

M. Salvidenus

Circa

81  

L. FIavius Silva

Circa

86  

Cn. Pompeius Longinus

Circa

107  

Atticus

Circa

after 107  

Q. Pompeius Falco

 
114  

Tiberianus

Circa

117  

Lucius Quietus

Circa

132  

Tineius Rufus

 
135  

Julius Severus

 
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