katapi New Study Bible - Synopsis of the Gospels - New English Bible (New Testament)

katapi HOME The Denouncing of the Scribes - Lk.20.45-47  Mt.23.1-36  Mk.12.38-40  Lk.11.37-54   | NEB Books | notes

Luke: 20
45In the hearing of all the people Jesus said to his disciples: 46'Beware of the doctors of the law who love to walk up and down in long robes, and have a great liking for respectful greetings in the street, the chief seats in our synagogues, and places of honour at feasts. 47These are the men who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance' sake; and they will receive the severest sentence.'

Matthew: 23
1JESUS THEN ADDRESSED the people and his disciples in these words: 2'The doctors of the law and the Pharisees sit in the chair of Moses; 3therefore do what they tell you; pay attention to their words. But do not follow their practice; for they say one thing and do another. 4They make up heavy packs and pile them on men's shoulders, but will not raise a finger to lift the load themselves. 5Whatever they do is done for show. They go about with broad phylacteries [See Deuteronomy 6. 8-9 and Exodus 13.9.] and with large tassels on their robes; 6they like to have places of honour at feasts and the chief seats in synagogues, 7to be greeted respectfully in the street, and to be addressed as "rabbi".
8'But you must not be called "rabbi"; for you have one Rabbi, and you are all brothers. 9Do not call any man on earth "father"; for you have one Father, and he is in heaven. 10Nor must you be called "teacher"; you have one Teacher, the Messiah. 11The greatest among you must be your servant. 12For whoever exalts himself will be humbled; and whoever humbles himself will be exalted.
13'Alas, alas for you, lawyers and Pharisees, hypocrites that you are! You shut the door of the kingdom of Heaven in men's faces; you do not enter yourselves, and when others are entering, you stop them. 14[Some witnesses add: (14) Alas for you, lawyers and Pharisees, hypocrites! You eat up the property of widows, while you say long prayers for appearance' sake. You will receive the severest sentence.]
15'Alas for you, lawyers and Pharisees, hypocrites! You travel over sea and land to win one convert; and when you have won him you make him twice as fit for hell as you are yourselves.
16'Alas for you, blind guides! You say, "If a man swears by the sanctuary, that is nothing; but if he swears by the gold in the sanctuary, he is bound by his oath." 17Blind fools! Which is the more important, the gold, or the sanctuary which sanctifies the gold? 18Or you say, "If a man swears by the altar, that is nothing; but if he swears by the offering that lies on the altar, he is bound by his oath." 19What blindness! Which is the more important, the offering, or the altar which sanctifies it? 20To swear by the altar, then, is to swear both by the altar and by whatever lies on it; 21to swear by the sanctuary is to swear both by the sanctuary and by him who dwells there; 22and to swear by heaven is to swear both by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.
23'Alas for you, lawyers and Pharisees, hypocrites! You pay tithes of mint and dill and cummin; but you have overlooked the weightier demands of the Law, justice, mercy, and good faith. It is these you should have practised, without neglect 24Blind guides! You strain off a midge, yet gulp down a camel! 25'Alas for you, lawyers and Pharisees, hypocrites! You clean the outside of cup and dish, which you have filled inside by robbery and self-indulgence! 26Blind Pharisee! Clean the inside of the cup first; then the outside will be clean also.
27'Alas for you, lawyers and Pharisees, hypocrites! You are like tombs covered with whitewash; they look well from outside, but inside they are full of dead men's bones and all kinds of filth. 28So it is with you: outside you look like honest men, but inside you are brim-full of hypocrisy and crime.
29'Alas for you, lawyers and Pharisees, hypocrites! You build up the tombs of the prophets and embellish monuments of the saints, 30and you say, "If we had been alive in our fathers' time, we should never have taken part with them in the murder of the prophets." 31So you acknowledge that you are the sons of the men who killed the prophets. 32Go on then, finish off what your fathers began! [Or: You too must come up to your fathers' standards.] 33'You snakes, you vipers' brood, how can you escape being condemned to hell? 34I send you therefore prophets, sages, and teachers; some of them you will kill and crucify, others you will flog in your synagogues and hound from city to city. 35And so, on you will fall the guilt of all the innocent blood spilt on the ground, from innocent Abel to Zechariah son of Berachiah, whom you murdered between the sanctuary and the altar. 36Believe me, this generation will bear the guilt of it all.

Mark: 12
38He said as he taught them, 'Beware of the doctors of the law, who love to walk up and down in long robes, receiving respectful greetings in the street; 39and to have the chief seats in synagogues, and places of honour at feasts. 40These are the men who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance' sake, and they will receive the severest sentence.' [Or: As for those who eat up the property of widows, while they say long prayers for appearance' sake, they will have an even sterner judgement to face.]

Luke: 11
37WHEN HE HAD FINISHED SPEAKING, a Pharisee invited him to dinner. 38He came in and sat down. The Pharisee noticed with surprise that he had not begun by washing before the meal. 39But the Lord said to him, 'You Pharisees! You clean the outside of cup and plate; but inside you there is nothing but greed and wickedness. 40You fools! Did not he who made the outside make the inside too? 41But let what is in the cup [Or: what you can afford.] be given in charity, and all is clean.
42'Alas for you Pharisees! You pay tithes of mint and rue and every garden-herb, but have no care for justice and the love of God. It is these you should have practised, without neglecting the others. [Some witnesses omit: It is ... others.]
43'Alas for you Pharisees! You love the seats of honour in synagogues, and salutations in the market-places.
44'Alas, alas, you are like unmarked graves over which men may walk without knowing it.'
45In reply to this one of the lawyers said, 'Master, when you say things like this you are insulting us too.' 46Jesus rejoined: 'Yes, you lawyers, it is no better with you! For you load men with intolerable burdens, and will not put a single finger to the load.
47'Alas, you build the tombs of the prophets whom your fathers murdered, 48and so testify that you approve of the deeds your fathers did; they committed the murders and you provide the tombs.
49'This is why the Wisdom of God said, "I will send them prophets and messengers; and some of these they will persecute and kill"; 50so that this generation so will have to answer for the blood of all the prophets shed since the foundation of the world; 51from the blood of Abel to the blood of Zechariah who perished between the altar and the sanctuary. I tell you, this generation will have to answer for it all.
52'Alas for you lawyers! You have taken away the key of knowledge. You did not go in yourselves, and those who were on their way in, you stopped.'
53After he had left the house, the lawyers and Pharisees began to assail him fiercely and to ply him with a host of questions, 54laying snares to catch him with his own words.

Notes: The most generally known harmonies of the Gospels are based upon the Huck-Lietzmann Synopsis (1936) of the three gospels and Sparks' Synopsis (1964) of four gospels. Many of the passages in these harmonies are too short to display in a useful manner on a web-page.
The katapi New Study Bible Synopsis of the Gospels is based upon the headings displayed in the New Study Bible reference table which in turn follows the headings printed in the United Bible Societies' New Testament in Greek. These sections are more useful for bible study. Columns are arranged so that the first column is your chosen heading from the bible passage list (highlighted). The harmonies that follow across the web-page are then in the normally accepted order.
For Old Testament references quoted by New Testament authors, you should either go back to the passage listing web-page and select the link on the 'version' column; or click on the column heading and search through the chapter for the relevant passage; than select the OT passage from the reference column.

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© Paul Ingram 2009.