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Luke: 23

Jesus Brought Before Pilate  Lk.23.1-5 Passover, c.30ce (Jerusalem)[ Lk.23.1-5 → ] - Mt.27.1-14, Mk.15.1-5, Jn.18.28-38

1Then the whole company of them arose, and brought him before Pilate. 2And they began to accuse him, saying, "We found this man perverting our nation, and forbidding us to give tribute to Caesar, and saying that he himself is Christ a king." 3And Pilate asked him, "Are you the King of the Jews?" And he answered him, "You have said so." 4And Pilate said to the chief priests and the multitudes, "I find no crime in this man." 5But they were urgent, saying, "He stirs up the people, teaching throughout all Judea, from Galilee even to this place."

Jesus before Herod  Lk.23.6-12

6When Pilate heard this, he asked whether the man was a Galilean. 7And when he learned that he belonged to Herod's jurisdiction, he sent him over to Herod, who was himself in Jerusalem at that time. 8When Herod saw Jesus, he was very glad, for he had long desired to see him, because he had heard about him, and he was hoping to see some sign done by him. 9So he questioned him at some length; but he made no answer. 10The chief priests and the scribes stood by, vehemently accusing him. 11And Herod with his soldiers treated him with contempt and mocked him; then, arraying him in gorgeous apparel, he sent him back to Pilate. 12And Herod and Pilate became friends with each other that very day, for before this they had been at enmity with each other.

Jesus Sentenced to Die  Lk.23.13-25 (Jerusalem)[ Lk.23.13-25 → ] - Mt.27.15-26, Mk.15.6-15, Jn.18.39-19.16

13Pilate then called together the chief priests and the rulers and the people, 14and said to them, "You brought me this man as one who was perverting the people; and after examining him before you, behold, I did not find this man guilty of any of your charges against him; 15neither did Herod, for he sent him back to us. Behold, nothing deserving death has been done by him; 16I will therefore chastise him and release him." 17 Here or after verse 19, other ancient authorities add verse 17 Now he was obliged to release one man to them at the festival.

18But they all cried out together, "Away with this man, and release to us Barab'bas" – 19a man who had been thrown into prison for an insurrection started in the city, and for murder. 20Pilate addressed them once more, desiring to release Jesus; 21but they shouted out, "Crucify, crucify him!" 22A third time he said to them, "Why, what evil has he done? I have found in him no crime deserving death; I will therefore chastise him and release him." 23But they were urgent, demanding with loud cries that he should be crucified. And their voices prevailed. 24So Pilate gave sentence that their demand should be granted. 25He released the man who had been thrown into prison for insurrection and murder, whom they asked for; but Jesus he delivered up to their will.

The Crucifixion of Jesus  Lk.23.26-43 (Golgotha)[ Lk.23.26-43 → ] - Mt.27.32-44, Mk.15.21-32, Jn.19.17-27

26And as they led him away, they seized one Simon of Cyre'ne, who was coming in from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it behind Jesus. 27And there followed him a great multitude of the people, and of women who bewailed and lamented him. 28But Jesus turning to them said, "Daughters of Jerusalem, do not weep for me, but weep for yourselves and for your children. 29For behold, the days are coming when they will say, 'Blessed are the barren, and the wombs that never bore, and the breasts that never gave suck!' 30 [ Hs.10.8. ] Then they will begin to say to the mountains, 'Fall on us'; and to the hills, 'Cover us.' 31For if they do this when the wood is green, what will happen when it is dry?"

32Two others also, who were criminals, were led away to be put to death with him. 33And when they came to the place which is called The Skull, there they crucified him, and the criminals, one on the right and one on the left. 34 [ Is.53.12, Ps.22.18. ] Other ancient authorities omit the sencence: And Jesus ... what they do And Jesus said, "Father, forgive them; for they know not what they do." And they cast lots to divide his garments. 35 [ Ps.22.7. ] And the people stood by, watching; but the rulers scoffed at him, saying, "He saved others; let him save himself, if he is the Christ of God, his Chosen One!" 36The soldiers also mocked him, coming up and offering him vinegar, 37and saying, "If you are the King of the Jews, save yourself!" 38There was also an inscription over him Other ancient authorities add: in letters of Greek and Latin and Hebrew, "This is the King of the Jews."

39One of the criminals who were hanged railed at him, saying, "Are you not the Christ? Save yourself and us!" 40But the other rebuked him, saying, "Do you not fear God, since you are under the same sentence of condemnation? 41And we indeed justly; for we are receiving the due reward of our deeds; but this man has done nothing wrong." 42And he said, "Jesus, remember me when you come into Other ancient authorities read: in your kingdom." 43And he said to him, "Truly, I say to you, today you will be with me in Paradise."

The Death of Jesus  Lk.23.44-49[ Lk.23.44-49 → ] - Mt.27.45-56, Mk.15.33-41, Jn.19.28-30

44It was now about the sixth hour, and there was darkness over the whole land Or: earth until the ninth hour, 45while the sun's light failed; Or: the sun was eclipsed. Other ancient authorities read: the sun was darkened and the curtain of the temple was torn in two. 46 [ Ps.31.5. ] Then Jesus, crying with a loud voice, said, "Father, into thy hands I commit my spirit!" And having said this he breathed his last. 47Now when the centurion saw what had taken place, he praised God, and said, "Certainly this man was innocent!" 48And all the multitudes who assembled to see the sight, when they saw what had taken place, returned home beating their breasts. 49And all his acquaintances and the women who had followed him from Galilee stood at a distance and saw these things.

The Burial of Jesus  Lk.23.50-56 (the garden)[ Lk.23.50-56 → ] - Mt.27.57-61, Mk.15.42-47, Jn.19.38-42

50Now there was a man named Joseph from the Jewish town of Arimathe'a. He was a member of the council, a good and righteous man, 51who had not consented to their purpose and deed, and he was looking for the kingdom of God. 52This man went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus. 53Then he took it down and wrapped it in a linen shroud, and laid him in a rock-hewn tomb, where no one had ever yet been laid. 54It was the day of Preparation, and the sabbath was beginning Greek: was dawning. 55The women who had come with him from Galilee followed, and saw the tomb, and how his body was laid; 56then they returned, and prepared spices and ointments.

On the sabbath they rested according to the commandment.


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