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5

ΚΑΤΑ ΜΑΘΘΑΙΟΝ

Matthew

Reference
1Ἰδὼν δὲ τοὺς ὀχλους ἀνέβη εἰς τὸ ὀρος· καὶ καθίσαντος αὐτοῦ προσῆλθαν αὐτῷ οἱ μαθηταὶ αὐτοῦ· THEN HE SAW the crowds he went up the hill.
There he took his seat, and when his disciples had gathered round him
The Sermon on the Mount Mt.5.1-7.29
2καὶ ἀνοίξας τὸ στόμα αὐτοῦ ἐδίδασκεν αὐτοὺς λέγων, he began to address them.
And this is the teaching he gave:
 
3Μακάριοι οἱ πτωχοὶ τῷ πνεύματι,
ὁτι αὐτῶν ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν.
'How blest are those who know that they are poor,
the kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
The Beatitudes Mt.5.3-11 | Lk.6.20-23
4μακάριοι οἱ πενθοῦντες,
ὁτι αὐτοὶ παρακληθήσονται.
How blest are the sorrowful;
they shall find consolation.
 
5μακάριοι οἱ πραεῖς,
ὁτι αὐτοὶ κληρονομήσουσιν τὴν γῆν.
How blest are those of a gentle spirit;
they shall have the earth for their possession.
 
6μακάριοι οἱ πεινῶντες καὶ διψῶντες τὴν δικαιοσύνην,
ὁτι αὐτοὶ χορτασθήσονται.
How blest are those who hunger and thirst to see right prevail;
they shall be satisfied.
 
7μακάριοι οἱ ἐλεήμονες,
ὁτι αὐτοὶ ἐλεηθήσονται.
How blest are those who show mercy;
mercy shall be shown to them.
 
8μακάριοι οἱ καθαροὶ τῇ καρδίᾳ,
ὁτι αὐτοὶ τὸν θεὸν ὀψονται.
How blest are those whose hearts are pure;
they shall see God.
 
9μακάριοι οἱ εἰρηνοποιοί,
ὁτι αὐτοὶ υἱοὶ θεοῦ κληθήσονται.
How blest are the peacemakers;
God shall call them his sons.
 
10μακάριοι οἱ δεδιωγμένοι ἑνεκεν δικαιοσύνης,
ὁτι αὐτῶν ἐστιν ἡ βασιλεία τῶν οὐρανῶν.
How blest are those who have suffered persecution for the cause of right;
the kingdom of Heaven is theirs.
 
11μακάριοί ἐστε ὁταν ὀνειδίσωσιν ὑμᾶς καὶ διώξωσιν καὶ εἰπωσιν πᾶν πονηρὸν καθ' ὑμῶν [ψευδόμενοι] ἑνεκεν ἐμοῦ· 'How blest you are, when you suffer insults and persecution and every kind of calumny for my sake. 
12χαίρετε καὶ ἀγαλλιᾶσθε, ὅτι ὁ μισθὸς ὑμῶν πολὺς ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς· οὑτως γὰρ ἐδίωξαν τοὺς προφήτας τοὺς πρὸ ὑμῶν. Accept it with gladness and exultation, for you have a rich reward in heaven; in the same way they persecuted the prophets before you.'
 
13Ὑμεῖς ἐστε τὸ ἀλας τῆς γῆς· ἐὰν δὲ τὸ ἀλας μωρανθῇ, ἐν τίνι ἀλισθήσεταὶ εἰς οὐδὲν ἰσχύει ἐτι εἰ μὴ βληθὲν ἐξω καταπατεῖσθαι ὑπὸ τῶν ἀνθρώπων. You are salt to the world. And if salt becomes tasteless, how is its saltness to be restored? It is now good for nothing but to be thrown away and trodden underfoot.'
Salt and Light Mt.5.13-16 | Mk.9.50 | Lk.14.34-35
14Ὑμεῖς ἐστε τὸ φῶς τοῦ κόσμου. οὐ δύναται πόλις κρυβῆναι ἐπάνω ὀρους κειμένη· You are light for all the world. A town that stands on a hill cannot be hidden. 
15οὐδὲ καίουσιν λύχνον καὶ τιθέασιν αὐτὸν ὑπὸ τὸν μόδιον ἀλλ' ἐπὶ τὴν λυχνίαν, καὶ λάμπει πᾶσιν τοῖς ἐν τῇ οἰκίᾳ. When a lamp is lit, it is not put under the meal-tub, but on the lamp-stand, where it gives light to everyone in the house. 
16οὑτως λαμψάτω τὸ φῶς ὑμῶν ἐμπροσθεν τῶν ἀνθρώπων, ὁπως ἰδωσιν ὑμῶν τὰ καλὰ ἐργα καὶ δοξάσωσιν τὸν πατέρα ὑμῶν τὸν ἐν τοῖς οὐρανοῖς. And you, like the lamp, must shed light among your fellows, so that, when they see the good you do, they may give praise to your Father in heaven.
 
17Μὴ νομίσητε ὅτι ἦλθον καταλῦσαι τὸν νόμον ἢ τοὺς προφήτας· οὐκ ἦλθον καταλῦσαι ἀλλὰ πληρῶσαι. DO NOT SUPPOSE that I have come to abolish the Law and the prophets; I did not come to abolish, but to complete.
Teaching about the Law Mt.5.17-20
18ἀμὴν γὰρ λέγω ὑμῖν, ἑως ἂν παρέλθῃ ὁ οὐρανὸς καὶ ἡ γῆ, ἰῶτα ἓν ἢ μία κεραία οὐ μὴ παρέλθῃ ἀπὸ τοῦ νόμου ἑως ἂν πάντα γένηται. I tell you this: so long as heaven and is earth endure, not a letter, not a stroke, will disappear from the Law until all that must happen has happened.
 
19ὃς ἐὰν οὖν λύσῃ μίαν τῶν ἐντολῶν τούτων τῶν ἐλαχίστων καὶ διδάξῃ οὑτως τοὺς ἀνθρώπους, ἐλάχιστος κληθήσεται ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ τῶν οὐρανῶν· ὃς δ' ἂν ποιήσῃ καὶ διδά ξῃ, οὗτος μέγας κληθήσεται ἐν τῇ βασιλείᾳ τῶν οὐρανῶν. If any man therefore sets aside even the least of the Law's demands, and teaches others to do the same, he will have the lowest place in the kingdom of Heaven, whereas anyone who keeps the Law and teaches others so will stand high in the kingdom of Heaven.
 
20λέγω γὰρ ὑμῖν ὅτι ἐὰν μὴ περισσεύσῃ ὑμῶν ἡ δικαιοσύνη πλεῖον τῶν γραμματέων καὶ Φαρισαίων, οὐ μὴ εἰσέλθητε εἰς τὴν βασιλείαν τῶν οὐρανῶν. I tell you, unless you show yourselves far better men than the Pharisees and the doctors of the law, you can never enter the kingdom of Heaven.
 
21Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη τοῖς ἀρχαίοις, Οὐ φονεύσεις· ὃς δ' ἂν φονεύσῃ, ἐνοχος ἐσται τῇ κρίσει. You have learned that our forefathers were told, "Do not commit murder; anyone who commits murder must be brought to judgement."Teaching about Anger Mt.5.21-26
22ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ ὀργιζόμενος τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ ἐνοχος ἐσται τῇ κρίσει· ὃς δ' ἂν εἰπῃ τῷ ἀδελφῷ αὐτοῦ, Ῥακά, ἐνοχος ἐσται τῷ συνεδρίῳ· ὃς δ' ἂ ν εἰπῃ, Μωρέ, ἐνοχος ἔσται εἰς τὴν γέενναν τοῦ πυρός. But what I tell you is this: Anyone who nurses anger against his brother must be brought to judgement. If he abuses his brother he must answer for it to the court; if he sneers at him he will have to answer for it in the fires of hell.'
 
23ἐὰν οὖν προσφέρῃς τὸ δῶρόν σου ἐπὶ τὸ θυσιαστήριον κἀκεῖ μνησθῇς ὅτι ὁ ἀδελφός σου ἐχει τι κατὰ σοῦ, If, when you are bringing your gift to the altar, you suddenly remember that your brother has a grievance against you, 
24ἀφες ἐκεῖ τὸ δῶρόν σου ἐμπροσθεν τοῦ θυσιαστηρίου, καὶ ὑπαγε πρῶτον διαλλάγηθι τῷ ἀδελφῷ σου, καὶ τότε ἐλθὼν πρόσφερε τὸ δῶρόν σου. leave your gift where it is before the altar. First go and make your peace with your brother, and only then come back and offer your gift.
 
25ἰσθι εὐνοῶν τῷ ἀντιδίκῳ σου ταχὺ ἑως ὁτου εἶ μετ' αὐτοῦ ἐν τῇ ὁδῷ, μήποτέ σε παραδῷ ὁ ἀντίδικος τῷ κριτῇ, καὶ ὁ κριτὴς τῷ ὑπηρέτῃ, καὶ εἰς φυλακὴν βληθήσῃ· 'If someone sues you, come to terms with him promptly while you are both on your way to court; otherwise he may hand you over to the judge, and the judge to the constable, and you will be put in jail. 
26ἀμὴν λέγω σοι, οὐ μὴ ἐξέλθῃς ἐκεῖθεν ἑως ἂν ἀποδῷς τὸν ἐσχατον κοδράντην. I tell you, once you are there you will not be let out till you have paid the last farthing.
 
27Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη, Οὐ μοιχεύσεις. 'You have learned that they were told, "Do not commit adultery."Teaching about Adultery Mt.5.27-30
28ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ βλέπων γυναῖκα πρὸς τὸ ἐπιθυμῆσαι αὐτὴν ἠδη ἐμοίχευσεν αὐτὴν ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ. But what I tell you is this: If a man looks on a woman with a lustful eye he has already committed adultery with her in his heart.
 
29εἰ δὲ ὁ ὀφθαλμός σου ὁ δεξιὸς σκανδαλίζει σε, ἐξελε αὐτὸν καὶ βάλε ἀπὸ σοῦ· συμφέρει γάρ σοι ἵνα ἀπόληται ἓν τῶν μελῶν σου καὶ μὴ ὁλον τὸ σῶμά σου βληθῇ εἰς γέενναν. 'If your right eye leads you astray, tear it out and fling it away; it is better for you to lose one part of your body than for the whole of it to be thrown into hell. 
30καὶ εἰ ἡ δεξιά σου χεὶρ σκανδαλίζει σε, ἐκκοψον αὐτὴν καὶ βάλε ἀπὸ σοῦ· συμφέρει γάρ σοι ἵνα ἀπόληται ἓν τῶν μελῶν σου καὶ μὴ ὁλον τὸ σῶμά σου εἰς γέενναν ἀπέλθῃ. And if your right hand is your undoing, cut it off and fling it away; it is better for you to lose one part of your body than for the whole of it to go to hell.
 
31Ἐρρέθη δέ, Ὅς ἂν ἀπολύσῃ τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ, δότω αὐτῇ ἀποστάσιον. 'They were told, "A man who divorces his wife must give her a note of dismissal."Teaching about Divorce Mt.5.31-32 | Mt.19.9 | Mk.10.11-11.12 | Lk.16.18
32ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ ἀπολύων τὴν γυναῖκα αὐτοῦ παρεκτὸς λόγου πορνείας ποιεῖ αὐτὴν μοιχευθῆναι, καὶ ὃς ἐὰν ἀπολελυμένην γαμήσῃ μοιχᾶται. But what I tell you is this: If a man divorces his wife for any cause other than unchastity he involves her in adultery; and anyone who marries a woman so divorced commits adultery.
 
33Πάλιν ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη τοῖς ἀρχαίοις, Οὐκ ἐπιορκήσεις, ἀποδώσεις δὲ τῷ κυρίῳ τοὺς ὅρκους σου. 'Again, you have learned that they were told, "Do not break your oath", and, "Oaths sworn to the Lord must be kept."Teaching about Oaths Mt.5.33-37 | Lv.19.12 | Nu.30.2 | Dt.23.21
34ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν μὴ ὀμόσαι ὁλως· μήτε ἐν τῷ οὐρανῷ, ὅτι θρόνος ἐστὶν τοῦ θεοῦ· But what I tell you is this: You are not to swear at all - not by heaven, for it is God's throne,- But I say to you, Do not swear at all, either by heaven, for it is the throne of God, Mt.5.34 | Is.66.1
35μήτε ἐν ὑποπόδιόν ἐστιν τῶν ποδῶν αὐτοῦ· μήτε εἰς Ἱεροσόλυμα, ὅτι πόλις ἐστὶν τοῦ μεγάλου βασιλέως· nor by earth, for it is his footstool, nor by Jerusalem, for it is the city of the great King, 
36μήτε ἐν τῇ κεφαλῇ σου ὀμόσῃς, ὅτι οὐ δύνασαι μίαν τρίχα λευκὴν ποιῆσαι ἢ μέλαιναν. nor by your own head, because you cannot turn one hair of it white or black. 
37ἐστω δὲ ὁ λόγος ὑμῶν ναὶ ναί, οὒ οὐ· τὸ δὲ περισσὸν τούτων ἐκ τοῦ πονηροῦ ἐστιν. Plain "Yes" or "No" is all you need to say; anything beyond that comes from the devil.
 
38Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη, Ὀφθαλμὸν ἀντὶ ὀφθαλμοῦ καὶ ὀδόντα ἀντὶ ὀδόντος. 'You have learned that they were told, "An eye for an eye, and a tooth for a tooth."Teaching about Retaliation Mt.5.38-42 | Lk.6.29-30
39ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν μὴ ἀντιστῆναι τῷ πονηρῷ· ἀλλ' ὁστις σε ῥαπίζει εἰς τὴν δεξιὰν σιαγόνα [σου], στρέψον αὐτῷ καὶ τὴν ἀλλην· But what I tell you is this: Do not set yourself against the man who wrongs you. If someone slaps you on the right cheek, turn and offer him your left. 
40καὶ τῷ θέλοντί σοι κριθῆναι καὶ τὸν χιτῶνά σου λαβεῖν, ἀφες αὐτῷ καὶ τὸ ἱμάτιον· If a man wants to sue you for your shirt, let him have your coat as well. 
41καὶ ὁστις σε ἀγγαρεύσει μίλιον ἑν, ὑπαγε μετ' αὐτοῦ δύο. If a man in authority makes you go one mile, go with him two. 
42τῷ αἰτοῦντί σε δός, καὶ τὸν θέλοντα ἀπὸ σοῦ δανίσασθαι μὴ ἀποστραφῇς. Give when you are asked to give; and do not turn your back on a man who wants to borrow.
 
43Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη, Ἀγαπήσεις τὸν πλησίον σου καὶ μισήσεις τὸν ἐχθρόν σου. 'You have learned that they were told, "Love your neighbour, hate your enemy."Love for Enemies Mt.5.43-48 | Lk.6.27-28 | Lk.6.32-36
44ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν, ἀγαπᾶτε τοὺς ἐχθροὺς ὑμῶν καὶ προσεύχεσθε ὑπὲρ τῶν διωκόντων ὑμᾶς, But what I tell you is this: Love your enemies and pray for your persecutors; 
45ὁπως γένησθε υἱοὶ τοῦ πατρὸς ὑμῶν τοῦ ἐν οὐρανοῖς, ὅτι τὸν ἡλιον αὐτοῦ ἀνατέλλει ἐπὶ πονηροὺς καὶ ἀγαθοὺς καὶ βρέχει ἐπὶ δικαίους καὶ ἀδίκους. only so can you be children of your heavenly Father, who makes his sun rise on good and bad alike, and sends the rain on the honest and the dishonest. 
46ἐὰν γὰρ ἀγαπήσητε τοὺς ἀγαπῶντας ὑμᾶς, τίνα μισθὸν ἐχετὲ; οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ τελῶναι τὸ αὐτὸ ποιοῦσιν; If you love only those who love you, what reward can you expect? Surely the tax-gatherers do as much as that. 
47καὶ ἐὰν ἀσπάσησθε τοὺς ἀδελφοὺς ὑμῶν μόνον, τί περισσὸν ποιεῖτὲ; οὐχὶ καὶ οἱ ἐθνικοὶ τὸ αὐτὸ ποιοῦσιν; And if you greet only your brothers, what is there extraordinary about that? Even the heathen do as much. 
48Ἐσεσθε οὖν ὑμεῖς τέλειοι ὡς ὁ πατὴρ ὑμῶν ὁ οὐράνιος τέλειός ἐστιν. You must therefore be all goodness, just as your heavenly Father is all good.
 
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