SELECTIONS FROM EARLY CHRISTIAN WRITERS: ILLUSTRATIVE OF CHURCH HISTORY TO THE TIME OF CONSTANTINE by Henry Melvill Gwatkin, M.A. First Edition, Macmillan & Co., Ltd., 1893. Reprinted with additions and corrections, 1897, 1902, 1905. Prepared for katapi by Paul Ingram, 2013.
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XLVI. HIPPOLYTUS, Ref. Omn. Haer. ix. 12.


Misdeeds of Callistus


Τοιαῦτα ὁ γόης τολμήσας συνεστήσατο διδασκαλεῖον κατὰ τῆς ἐκκλησίας οὕτως διδάξας, καὶ πρῶτος τὰ πρὸς τὰς ἡδόνὰς τοῖς ἀνθρώποις συγγωρεῖν ἐπενόησε, λέγων πᾶσιν ὑττ' αὐτοῦ ἀφίεσθαι ἁμαρτίας. ... οὗτος ἐδογμάτισεν ὅπως εἰ ἐπίσκοπος ἁμάρτοι τι, eἰ καὶ πρὸς θάνατον, μὴ δεῖν κατατίθεσθαι. ἐπὶ τούτον ἤρξαντο ἐπίσκοποι καὶ πρεσβύτεροι καὶ διάκονοι δίγαμοι καὶ τρίγαμοι καθίστασθαι εἰς κλήρους· εἰ δὲ καὶ τις ἐν κλήρῳ ὢν γαμοίη, μενειν τὸν τοιοῦτον ἐν τῷ κλήρω ὡς μὺ ἡμαρτηκότα. ... καὶ γὰρ καὶ γυναιξὶν ἐπέτρεψεν, † eἰ ἄνανδροι εἷεν καὶ ἡλικίᾳ γε ἐκκαίοιντο ἀναξίᾳ, ἧ ἑαυτῶν ἀξίαν μὴ βούλοιντο καθαιρεῖν διὰ τὸ νομίμως γαμηθῆvai † , ἔχειν ἔνα ὃν ἂν αἱρήσωνται σύγκοιτον, εἴτε οἰκέτην, εἴτε ἐλεύθερον, καὶ τοῦτον κρίνειν ἀντὶ ἀνδρὸς μὴ νόμῳ γεγαμημένην. ... καὶ ἐπὶ τούτοις τοῖς τολμήμασιν ἑαυτοὺς οἱ ἀπηρνθριασμένοι καθολικὴν ἐκκλησίαν ἀποκαλεῖν ἐπιχειροῦσι, καὶ τινες νομίζοντες εὗ πράττειν συντρέχουσιν αὐτοῖς. ἐπὶ τούτου πρώτως τετόλμηται δεύτερον αὐτοῖς βάπτισμα.

The impostor had the impudence to adopt opinions of this kind, setting up a school against the Church, and teaching accordingly; and he was the first who found out the device of yielding to men in their sensual pleasures by saying that all men had their sins forgiven by him. ... He it was who laid it down, that if a bishop committed a sin, though it were a sin unto death, he ought not to be deposed. In his time began twice married and thrice married men to be appointed to clerical office as bishops, elders and deacons; and if one married who was in the clergy, such a one remained in the clergy as if he had not sinned [quoting Rom.xiv.4, Matt.xiii.29, and the clean and unclean in the ark]. For he even allowed women, if they were unmarried and inflamed with love unworthy of their age, or did not wish to forfeit their rank for the sake of a legal marriage, to have one whomsoever they chose for a companion, whether he were slave or free, and though not legally married to him to count him for a husband. ... And on the strength of these audacious doings the shameless fellows endeavour to call themselves a Catholic Church; and some thinking they are faring well agree with them. In his time a second baptism was first impudently attempted by them.


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